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Report on the project "Development of forest specialties of economic value in the period of 2011 - 2020"

Thursday - 14/03/2019 04:25
The Institute for Forest Ecology and Environment is the unit implementing the Project "Development of forest specialties with the economic value in the period of 2011 - 2020". The mission is carried out with the goal of selecting and building a system of seed sources to supply the market with specialty plants.
Report on the project "Development of forest specialties of economic value in the period of 2011 - 2020"
         1. Selection and recognition of dominant trees
        The dominant trees in the project are selected according to the standard 04TCN 147-2006, according to different target products, ensuring that the indicators of interest exceed 30 - 40% of the average yield of the population; The tree has standard morphological characteristics, reaching 90 points or more. Specifically, tree species selected according to grain yield targets are Juglans regia (Ha Giang), Castanopsis boisii Hickel et. A.Camus (Bac Giang), Scaphium macropodum (Dong Nai); Docynia indica (Son tra) (Yen Bai and Lai Chau); Cinnamon (Yen Bai), Eucommia ulmoides  (Lai Chau), Pinus latteri (Nghe An). Some pictures of dominant trees and certificate of seed source recognition.
    Photos and certificates of dominant tree
         2. Transformation of seed forests
        Results in 2015, the project has been transformed and recognized seed sources for 13 hectares of transformed seed forest, including (Cinnamon : 4 ha, Docynia indica: 5 ha in Yen Bai province and 4 ha, Pinus latteri in Nghe An province). ), three transgenic seed forests with a large area, stable fruit development, provide high quality seeds for afforestation of the province and neighboring provinces every year, about 9,000 kg, thereby producing about 19 million good seedlings, meeting about 14,000 hectares of new plantations. Some pictures of transformed seed forest.
Beading forest and certificate of recognition of breeding forest of Docynia indica
        3. Building breeding forests
         Seed forests are built according to 15-93 sectoral rules, design documents according to industry standard 04 TCN 128-2006. The Institute for Forest Ecology and Environment cooperated with 03 PFMBs in Lai Chau province and 01 National Park in Dong Nai province to build 04 seed forests in Lai Chau and Binh Phuoc provinces, although not strictly managed to each household as same as for seed orchards, but with the efforts of the collective of officials and employees of The Institute for Forest Ecology and Environment as well as the support of PFMBs, National Parks, People's Committees of communes with models, and similar seed forests The school is very good, the density is guaranteed, monitored annually and managed according to Circular 23/2016 / TT-BNNPTNT (before the decision 06/2005 / QD-BNN, Decision 59/2007 / QD-BNN and Circular 69/2011 / TT-BNNPTNT). Some pictures of planted forest in 2015.
 Breading forest in Tan Uyen - Lai Chau and Than Uyen - Lai Chau (photo taken in 2018)
Docynia indica nursery in Sin Ho - Lai Chau and Bu Dang - Binh Phuoc
(photo was taken in 2018) 
        4. Building seed orchards
        In 2015, the project has built 10 hectares of seed orchards, of which there are 02 sexual seed orchards: Pinus latteri (04 ha) in Nghe An, Cinnamon  (04 ha) in Yen Bai and Trai Yen The clonal seed orchards (02 ha ) in Bac Giang. These nurseries, built from dominant tree families, clones based on fixed and approved diagrams. Some pictures of seed orchards.
Cinnamon seedling in Yen Bai (planted in 2015, photos taken in 2018)
         5. Building gardens to collect forest special trees
         In order to conserve precious genetic resources of forest specialty species, in 2015, the project has built 02 gardens of forest specialty trees, 01 garden at Tam Duong PFMB, Tam Duong district, Lai Chau province and 01 garden at Vietnam University of Forestry in Chuong My district, Ha Noi, the plants in the garden are grown into blocks, each garden has more than 15 species of trees, these plants are all specialty trees representing ecological areas where set up a garden, plants grow well and are managed and monitored annually. Some pictures of gardens of specialty forest plantations in 2015.
Garden in Tam Duong - Lai Chau (photo taken in 2018)
Garden in Chuong My - Hanoi (photo taken in 2018)
        6. Training and technology transfer
        The project has organized 06 training courses on breeding, propagation, seedling breeding and forest conversion techniques in localities where the project is organized, each class has a number of students from 35 to 50 people, the trainees are equipped with the basic knowledge and principles in breeding, propagation, garden construction - seedling forest, seedling transformation, practice, with the dedicated guidance of the leading experts .After the course of 100%, students can extract and transplant ... and master the techniques of breeding and building seedlings ... The trainees are officers of PFMB, Forestry Department, District Agriculture Department, District Extension Station staff and staff in charge of agriculture and forestry in communes where projects to build seed orchards, seed forests and gardens. .
Some pictures of the training classes
         7. Basic construction
         The project has also built 02 agricultural membrane houses and protection houses in Thanh My, Son Tay, Han Noi and Trang Bom, Dong Nai.
Some pictures of agricultural membranes.

Author: Institute for Forest Ecology and Environment

Source: General Division

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